Taboo words in academic writing

When you are writing a dissertation, many words and phrases that are acceptable in conversations or informal writing are considered inappropriate. Other journals and other publications like books, theses, and proposals tend to have very little in the caption, with the figures being understandable only when reading the main text.

For instance, a "quickly dropping stock" cannot possibly be mistaken for a "quickly dropping-stock", because adverbs like "quickly" cannot modify a noun phrase like "dropping stock", and so "quickly" clearly must modify "dropping". Avoid the below expressions and try to be as specific as possible.

I have no idea. You can write other papers later for anything else you might want to say. If you do bring something up, say something important about it!

Email required Address never made public. I took an informal Twitter poll, though, and the non-native speakers who responded were unanimous: Avoid direct quotes In scientific as opposed to literary or historical writing, direct quotes should be used only when the precise wording of the original sentences is important, e.

By continuing, you agree to our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. It's is a contraction for it is or it has. Join YourDictionary today. Notify me of new posts via email.

How would one go about fixing that? Your dissertation without language mistakes and blunders? Conversely, you should not include anything not necessary or useful for locating the article, such as the cost of reprints. One common approach is to use author-date citations like " Smith, Wu, and Tong ", but other approaches such as numbering the bibliography entries and then using bracketed or superscript numbers are also fine.

Subsections If you have sections 1, 1.

Contractions: Grammar Resource

Related Articles. Instead, replace the comma with a semicolon, in case you have two sentences that need to be linked in some generic way, or make the linkage explicit with a conjunction, or simply use a period, to leave two complete and independent sentences. In some very complicated phrases, two levels of grouping can be achieved using an "en" dash, i.

How to use English contractions correctly: Except in unusual cases to avoid ambiguity or to discuss specific people e. How big an obstacle are common contractions for non-native speakers of English? Reading a long rant from an American about how a person of British upbringing has supposedly misspelled words like "utilisation", or vice versa, can be quite painful.

Even if the item to which you refer is explicitly mentioned in your paper, ask yourself whether there is any chance that the reader might not know to which of several items you might be referring.

While common to spoken language and informal communications think of e-mails , contractions are rarely seen in academic writing. Therefore, you may use it's if you wish.

How to use English contractions correctly: with word list and examples

Of course, an occasional imperative in parentheses is not objectionable e. A formal tone must be maintained throughout to avoid this. Like Loading Faculty of Law Department of Law. If you have 1.